35 Chinese idioms and 35 historical celebrities that are necessary for the Chinese entrance examination, simple and easy to remember!

From "Zuo Zhuan: The Ten Years of Duke Zhuang": "The husband fights, and courage is also. One bang, and then decline, and three and exhaust."

The category:

College entrance examination

1. All in one go (Cao Gu)

From "Zuo Zhuan: The Ten Years of Duke Zhuang": "The husband fights, and courage is also. One bang, and then decline, and three and exhaust."

Definition: The morale of the first drumming is boosted. It is a metaphor for taking advantage of the energy when you are full of energy and finishing the work in one breath.

2. One word for a thousand pieces of gold (Lu Buwei)

From "Historical Records - Biography of Lu Buwei": "Bu Xianyang City Gate, hang a thousand gold on it, and extend the lords and tourists to those who can add or lose a word."

Interpretation: The word for gain or loss is rewarded to a thousand gold. The words of praise are exquisite and cannot be changed.

3. The Teacher of One Word (Zheng Gu)

From Song Ji Yougong's "Tang Poetry Chronicle": "Zheng Gu changed monk Qi Ji's "Zaomei" poem: 'Several branches open' as 'one branch opens'. Qi Ji bows down, and people use Gu as a character teacher."

Definition: A teacher who corrects a word. Some good poems and prose are more perfect after being changed by others. People who change the character are often called "one-character teacher" or "one-character teacher".

4. A meal worth a thousand dollars (Han Xin)

From "Historical Records: The Biography of the Marquis of Huaiyin": "The letter was fishing under the city, and all the drifting mothers drifted. One mother saw the letter and was hungry, and she believed in the meal. Give a thousand gold."

Interpretation: A metaphor for generously repaying those who are kind to themselves.

5. Comeback (Xie An)

From "Book of Jin Xie'an Biography": "She lived in seclusion in Dongshan, Kuaiji, and came back to be Huan Wen's Sima at the age of forty, and moved to important positions such as Zhongshu and Situ, and the Jin family relied on it to turn the crisis into safety."

Definition: to take up a key position again. It is also a metaphor for regaining power after losing power.

6, the picture is poor dagger see (Jing Ke)

From "Warring States Policy - Yan Ce III": "The king of Qin told Ke to say: 'Get up, take the picture held by Wuyang.' Ke took the picture and enshrined it. Send the picture, the picture is poor and the dagger is seen."

Interpretation: The metaphor of the development of the event to the end, the truth or the original intention is revealed. 

7. Talking about soldiers on paper (Zhao Kuo)

From "Historical Records: The Biography of Lian Po Lin Xiangru", it is recorded that Zhao Kuo, the son of Zhao She, a famous general of Zhao State during the Warring States Period, learned the art of war when he was young, and his father was not difficult to talk about military affairs. Later, he succeeded Lian Po as Zhao general in the battle of Changping. I only know how to do it according to the military book, but I don't know how to adapt, and the result is that the Qin army is defeated.

Definition: Talking about war on paper. Metaphor empty talk about theory, can not solve practical problems. It also means that empty talk cannot become reality.

8. Take the blame for the crime (Lian Po)

From "Historical Records: The Biography of Lian Po Lin Xiangru": "Lian Po heard about it, and the flesh bare Jing, because the guests came to Lin Xiangru's door to apologize."

Interpretation: Carrying thorns on the back to plead guilty to the other party. It means admitting wrongdoing.

9. Trying the hard work (Goujian)

From "Historical Records: King of Yue Goujian Family": "King of Yue went against the country when he went out of his way, he was suffering and anxious, and he put his courage in sitting.

Interpretation: sleep on firewood, eat and sleep, taste bitter gall. Describes a person who is self-motivated and hardworking.

10. Rise from the pole (Chen Sheng)

From Han Jia Yi's "Guo Qin Lun": "Cut wood as a soldier, and raise a pole as a flag."

Definition: Cut down tree trunks as weapons, raise bamboo poles as flags, and resist. Refers to the people's uprising.

11. Three Gus Thatched Cottage (Liu Bei)

From the Three Kingdoms Shu, Zhuge Liang's "Apprenticeship Table": "The first emperor did not regard his ministers as despicable, and humbled himself and condescended.

Interpretation: It was originally the story of Liu Bei's visit to Zhuge Liang at the end of the Han Dynasty. The metaphor is sincere and sincere, and invited again and again.

12. Ruzi can teach (Zhang Liang)

From "Historical Records: Liuhou Family": "My father went to Lisuo and returned, saying: 'Ruzi can be taught.'"

Definition: Refers to young people who can be cultivated. 

13. Embarrassed (Xiang Yu)

From "Historical Records, Xiang Yu's Chronicle": "The king of Xiang's army was under the wall, and the soldiers were scarce and exhausted, and the Han army and the feudal lords were surrounded by heavy soldiers. At night, when he heard that the Han army was singing from Chu on all sides, King Xiang was shocked and said: 'All the Han have conquered Chu. Why are there so many people in Chu?'"

Definition: A metaphor for falling into a situation of being surrounded by enemies on all sides and of being helpless.

14. Old and strong (Ma Yuan)

From "The Book of the Later Han Dynasty, Ma Yuan Biography": "The husband is the ambition, the poor should be strong, and the old should be strong."

Definition: Although you are old, you are more ambitious and more motivated.

15. Cong Rong (Ban Chao)

From "Han Han Shu Ban Chao Biography": "A man who has no other ambitions, should still be like Fu Jiezi, Zhang Qian has made contributions to exotic places, in order to obtain the title of Hou, can you spend a long time in the pen and inkstone?"

Definition: Throw away your pen and go to the army. Refers to the literati joining the army.

16. Ruthless things (Shang Wang)

From "Shangshu·Wucheng": "Today, the king of Shang suffers from ignorance, destroys the things of nature, and abuses the people."

Interpretation: Originally refers to the destruction of all things in nature. The latter refers to spoiling things at will without knowing how to cherish them.

17. Crossing Chencang in the dark (Han Xin)

From the second fold of Yuan Wuming's "Darkness in Chencang": "Fan Kuai is able to repair the plank road, and I can darken the ancient road of Chencang. This Chu soldier does not know whether it is wise, so he must arrange his troops to guard the plank road. I intercepted the ancient road of Chencang and killed him by surprise. ."

Definition: The metaphor uses an illusion to confuse the other party, but in fact has other intentions.

18. The food that comes to you (Qian Ao)

From "Book of Rites, Tan Gong Xia": "Yu Wei does not eat the food that he has come to eat, so much so that he is also!"

Definition: Refers to insulting alms.

19. Angry to the crown (Lin Xiangru)

From "Historical Records: The Biography of Lian Po Lin Xiangru": "Xiangru was standing against a pillar because of the jade, and he was angry and rushed to the crown."

Definition: Refers to angry hair standing on end, wearing a hat. Describe extreme anger.

20. The Scroll of Unbearable Hands (Lü Meng)

From "The History of the Three Kingdoms, Wu Shu, Lu Meng's Biography", annotated and quoted in "Jiang Biao Biography": "Guangwu is the task of serving as a soldier and a horse, and the hand cannot let go of the scroll."

Definition: The book does not leave the hand. Described as diligent and studious.

21, Weibian three must (Confucius)

From "Historical Records: The Family of Confucius": "Reading "Yi", Wei compiled three musts."

Interpretation: The leather cord of the bamboo slips was broken three times. A metaphor for diligent reading. 

22. Stick to the rules (Mozi)

From Ming Huang Zongxi's "Qian Tuishan Poetry Preface": "For example, Zhong Rong's "Poems", distinguishing Mingzong, I have never tried to stick to one family."

Definition: Refers to conservative thinking, sticking to old rules and refusing to change.

23. The terminally ill (Cai Huan Gong)

From "Zuo Zhuan: The Ten Years of Chenggong": "Diseases cannot be done, above the scab, under the ointment, cannot be attacked, cannot reach it, and the medicine cannot reach it, it cannot be done."

Definition: Describes a condition so severe that it cannot be cured. Metaphors have gotten to the point where things can't be saved.

24. One person gains the Tao, and the chicken and the dog ascend to the sky (Liu An)

From Han Wang Chong's "Lunheng·Daoxu": "The king of Huainan learns Taoism, recruits people who have Taoism in the world, and respects a country, and the scholars of Taoism. Don't fight for it. The king then attained the Tao, and his family ascended to the sky, the livestock are all immortals, the dogs bark in the sky, and the roosters croak in the clouds."

Interpretation: When a person attains Dao Nian Xian, the whole family, including chickens and dogs, will also ascend to heaven. It is a metaphor for a person who becomes an official, and those who are related to him also gain power. 

25. High mountains and flowing water (Yu Boya, Zhong Ziqi)

From "Lie Zi Tang Wen": "Bo Ya plays the qin, and his ambition is to climb mountains. Zhong Ziqi said: 'It is good, E'e is like Mount Tai.'

Definition: A metaphor for a confidant or a bosom friend. It is also a metaphor for the music.

26. Mouth and Honey Sword (Li Linfu)

From Song · Sima Guang's "Zizhi Tongjian·Tang Xuanzong Tianbao's First Year": "You don't want to be a scholar of literature, or yang is good with him, and he eats sweet words and yin sinks. It is said that Li Linfu has honey in his mouth and sword in his belly. '."

Definition: sweet in the mouth, cruel in the heart. Describes a two-faced, cunning and insidious person who often refers to a scorpion-hearted person.

27. The sound of the wind (Fujian)

From Tang Fang Xuanling's "Book of Jin Xie Xuan Biography": "When you hear the wind, you all think that Master Wang has arrived."

Definition: To describe panic or panic. 

28. Taishan Beidou (Han Yu)

From "The New Book of Tang: Han Yu's Biography": "The self-healing has disappeared, and its words are great, and scholars look up to it like the clouds of Mount Tai and the Big Dipper."

Interpretation: It is a metaphor for a person who is highly moral, famous or has outstanding achievements and is admired by everyone.

29. Breaking the cauldron and sinking the boat (Xiang Yu)

From "Historical Records: Xiang Yu's Chronicle": "Xiang Yu was known to lead troops to cross the river, all of them wrecked, smashed cauldrons, burned huts, and carried three days of food to show that his soldiers would die, and none of them returned their hearts."

Definition: A metaphor for determined to do whatever it takes to the end.

30. The Unexpected Incident (Qin Hui)

From the second fold of Yuan Kong Wenqing's "The Crime of the East Window": "I am the God of Earth Store, turned into a loafer, and in the Lingyin Temple, revealed the crime of the East Window of Qin Taishi."

Interpretation: The metaphorical conspiracy has been exposed. 

31. Chengmen Lixue (Cheng Yi, Yang Shi)

From "Song History · Yang Shizhuan": "When I saw Cheng Yi in Luo, I was forty years old. When I saw Yi one day, Yi was sitting quietly, and when I was standing with you, it was not cloudy. When Yi woke up, it snowed outside the door. It's a foot deep."

Definition: Students are taught respectfully. A metaphor for a teacher.

32. Commonplace (Liu Yuxi)

From Tang Mengdi's "Poems of Ability and Emotions" contains Liu Yuxi's poem: "It's common to see messy things, and it will cut off the history of Jiangnan governors."

Definition: Refers to something common, not surprising.

33. Dreaming of Flowers (Li Bai)

From the Five Dynasties Wang Renyu's "Kaiyuan Tianbao's Legacy: Dreaming of Flowers in the Pen": "When Li Taibai was young, the pen used in the dream grew into flowers, and it was only later that he lived and became famous all over the world."

Interpretation: The ability to write metaphors has greatly improved. Also described the article as very well written. 

34. Power through the back of the paper (Yan Zhenqing)

From Tang Yan Zhenqing's "Zhang Changshi Twelve Intentions of Brushwork": "When he uses the front, he often wants to make it pass through the back of the paper, which is extremely successful."

Interpretation: Describes calligraphy as strong and powerful, and the stroke of the pen almost penetrates the back of the paper. It also describes the poetry and prose with profound meaning and concise words.

35. Into the Heart (Wen and Ke)

From Song Su Shi's "Wen and Can Draw the Yuandang Valley Yanzhu Ji": "To draw bamboo, you must first have the bamboo in your heart."

Interpretation: The whole picture of the bamboo in front of the painting is already in the chest. Metaphors have made up their minds before doing things.