Do you understand "experiential learning"? How to make children experiential learning in life?
B. Joseph Pine, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, pointed out in his book "Experience Economy": We can learn 10% of the information we read; we can learn 15% of the information we hear. ; but we can learn 80 percent of what we have experienced. It can be seen the importance of "experience" in the individual learning process. Experiential Learning Theory Experiential learning comes from English "Experientiallearning", also known as experiential learning, discovery reflective learning, activity learning or interactive learning. With the advent of the experiential learning theory of Professor Kolb of Harvard University, experiential learning has been
experiential learning theory
Experiential learning comes from English "Experiential learning", also known as experiential learning, discovery-reflective learning, active learning or interactive learning. With the advent of the experiential learning theory of Professor Kolb of Harvard University, experiential learning has been widely used in the field of education. Kolb believes that learning is a process of gradually moving from the known to the new through the understanding and transcendence of some direct experience. It is a process of integrating and unifying the four aspects of experience, perception, cognition and behavior. The experiential learning theory holds that experience is the fundamental source and material basis of people's mental development, knowledge creation and learning development.
Our young people are too busy learning book knowledge. Their natural experience, social experience, and life experience are seriously insufficient. The opportunities to directly pay attention to society, nature, and culture are decreasing day by day. Instead, they are indirectly obtained through words, symbols, images, etc. With the increase of experience, what you learn is the knowledge that others have sorted out, just as chewing other people's chewed food is not conducive to the development of chewing power and digestion power, it will cause defects in the spiritual growth of young people.
Modern teenagers with "lack of life experience" generally have phenomena such as not doing housework, not good at cooperation, not being polite, not keeping order, not caring for the environment, being psychologically fragile, and not having strong self-control. Especially with the decline of family and social education function, due to the failure to experience sufficient life experience, the problems of autonomy, coordination, sense of responsibility, endurance, interpersonal relationship and other aspects of adolescents continue to emerge.
A freshman from Xi'an University of Technology suffered a nosebleed during his stay on campus and was overwhelmed. He called his mother late at night for help. A prospective college student in Shenyang was admitted to Chongqing University with excellent results in the college entrance examination. However, due to his poor self-care ability and lack of confidence to live independently, he had to give up the opportunity to study at the university on the eve of the start of the school year, and chose to retake the university entrance examination the following year. A freshman at the University of Science and Technology Beijing cried in his bedroom because his parents didn't come, so he couldn't hang up mosquito nets or tidy up bedding. College students have no idea what to do with hard-boiled eggs, because they are given to them by their parents after they have peeled them at home; college students pack and express their dirty clothes home every week for their parents to wash...
These seemingly modern joke-like factual reports also show from a side that the life ability of the Chosen Ones and the things they usually experience are too few.
Advice for children's life experiences
1. Travel experience
Traveling thousands of miles is a good life experience for children. (1) Before departure: The collection of destination strategies and the planning of routes and itineraries can all allow children to participate. Luggage preparation: including daily necessities, water cups, clothes, toiletries, etc.; learning and entertainment items, books, diaries, headphones, etc.; and travel documents, such as ID cards, passports, etc. Take responsibility for yourself. Parents only need to give pointers and guidance from them (ID cards and passports can be managed by parents on their behalf), and parents must not do everything for their children instead. (2) During the travel itinerary: If you encounter problems, you can also let the children actively use their brains and find ways to help the family solve the problem together. The child's belongings are all sorted out by himself, but parents can remind and guide on the side, such as counting the belongings before each stop, so as to avoid falling and omitting. (3) After returning from the trip, do more reflection and summary. See where your child is lacking, and you can improve it with regular exercise.
2. The experience of working in the field
Take the children to the fields to help water, fertilize, and weed together; dig sweet potatoes and peanuts together, and pick loquats and mulberries together... From this, children can experience what season they need to sow, what kind of fruit can be harvested in what season, and what kind of fruit they can harvest. Which part is edible. Gaining something through your own labor strengthens your child's love of life and nature.
3. The experience of inviting friends to play together
Parents born in the 70s and 80s, when they were young, they often danced rubber bands with their friends, played hopscotch, rehearsed sketch shows together... Sometimes they even ate and slept at their friends' houses. Today's children are much lonely, they are always watched closely by their parents, and most of the time after school, they shuttle between various interest classes. Parents should invite more of their children’s classmates or friends to play at home; or make an appointment with several families to visit nearby parks and museums, so that children can experience sharing and cooperation with their partners, or quarrel and debate. It is the wealth of children growing up.
How to promote and ensure the rich life experience of young people is the key to their healthy growth. This is not only a problem that parents must face, but also a topic that needs to be reflected in the field of education.